How to get a residence permit in Slovakia on the basis of business activities
Why do I need to apply for a residence permit in Slovakia? Can I get a residence permit only for the purchase of an apartment? What are the costs incurred by the applicant? And why do we need representative services? These and many other questions are answered by Prian.ru expert Oleg Kazankov, the founder of RUSKY SK sr.r.o. In Slovakia, a residence permit is not given only for the purchase of real estate. One of the reasons may be doing business. To do this, you need to establish an LLC (SRO), SP or buy a ready-made enterprise. And the availability of housing – own or rented – is one of the necessary conditions.
Where better to apply for a residence permit
Citizens of Russia, CIS countries and other visa states can apply for a residence permit to the Consulate General of the Slovak Republic at the place of residence or already in the country at the police station for foreigners (cudzinecká polícia).
In the second case, this is possible under the condition that a foreign citizen entered the republic not on a regular visa C, but on a national visa D with the inscription “to apply for a residence permit”. It is issued by the consulate after studying the entire set of papers of the applicant for a residence permit.
For my part, I recommend to get a visa D, and apply for a residence permit in the territory of Slovakia. Why?
The fact is that one of the conditions for obtaining a residence permit on the basis of doing business is a business plan. When submitting documents to the consulate general at the place of residence, this requirement is mandatory. Moreover, the business plan is sent for consideration to the Ministry of Economy of the Republic. In most cases, the agency gives a negative opinion on the business plan. And motivates the refusal by saying that LLC or IP will not be useful for the country’s economy. It is impossible to appeal against a ministerial decision in one’s own country. But it is quite possible to do this if documents for a residence permit are submitted at the police stations for foreigners in Slovakia. For this you need to make a more convincing business plan. Although usually the police do not require it at all, if the documents for a residence permit are prepared correctly, the company or the PI already exist, and the property has already been bought or rented for residence by the applicant.
I emphasize that all applications for a residence permit are considered in Slovakia. And the decision is made at the police level for foreigners at the place of residence of the applicants. Each application is studied for three months, starting from the date of receipt of the papers to law enforcement officials.
Approximate list of documents for a residence permit
Statement. To be completed on the official form of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Slovakia in the Slovak language.
Two color photographs measuring 3.0 by 3.5 cm.
Certificate of no criminal record from the Department of Internal Affairs at the applicant’s place of residence. The document must be with an apostil or superlegalization of the Slovak consulate located in the territory of the applicant’s country.
Certificate of no criminal record in the country where the applicant for a residence permit has lived for the last three years. The document is necessary if the petitioner has been there for more than 90 days during the half year period.
Certificate from the bank on the financial support of the applicant for a residence permit (extract from the personal account). The amount of accommodation is calculated based on the current level of the subsistence minimum. In 2019, it is € 205.07 per month.
Certificate of registration of individual entrepreneurs (for individual entrepreneurs).
Business plan (at the opening of LLC).
Extract from the trade or business registry.
Additional confirmation of financial solvency for business activities (extract from the entrepreneurial account):
€ 4102 for IP;
€ 20507 for founders LLC.
A document confirming the availability of housing in Slovakia. For example, cadastral extract from the register of real estate on the name of the property owner – the applicant for a residence permit. If the driving person plans to stay with his relatives or friends, then a so-called application from the property owner is required to grant them permission to reside with the applicant at his address. This address will be listed on the permit card. Additionally, an extract on the rights of a Slovak citizen on property is provided.
Receipt of payment of state duty in the amount of € 232 plus € 132.5 for each family member over 18 years of age. Children under 18 are not charged. Additional payment for the production of a residence permit certificate. Expedited clearance (within two business days) costs € 24.5, usual (during the month) – € 4.5.
If a residence permit for family members is issued simultaneously, the following documents are needed:
certificate of marriage with the apostille;
birth certificate of a child with an apostille;
a statement by the main applicant for a residence permit (or guarantor) that he undertakes to ensure the accommodation of all members of his family in Slovakia.
Representative services at the opening of the company or SP
You will need the help of a business partner or special agent companies. The fact is that the director of the company or an authorized representative of an individual entrepreneur can be a citizen of Slovakia or a foreigner with a residence permit.